Category Archives: Cover Letter

4 Types of Cover Letters

Whether you are applying for a job or requesting a meeting, knowing what the 4 types of cover letters are and when to use them is very important. Each of these four general types of cover letters has its own purpose:

1)      Application letter This is a straight forward cover letter, where you respond to a posted job advertisement by introducing yourself and the purpose of the letter. This is a very common type of cover letter and the one that many of us are used to. Many job postings require a resume and this traditional type of cover letter to be sent as part of the application.

2)      Networking letter – A networking cover letter is used when you are asking for advice on job search. You send this type of letter to people who you believe can help you find a new job or know someone who can. This is not to say that you should directly ask for a job in the cover letter itself. Often times, you may ask for an informational meeting rather than an actual interview. The intent is not to come off as strong and pressure the reader in getting you a job, but rather to state your desire to learn more and what you hope to gain from an informational meeting. Letting the recipient know that you are seeking for advice might make them more willing to help you and they can eventually help you in getting a new job. Finish the cover letter stating your intent to call and make arrangements for a brief informational meeting.

3)      Letter of interest/inquiry – Also known as a prospecting letter, this type of cover letter is sent to companies that may be hiring but they have not posted any specific job advisements. Unlike a traditional application cover letter that responds to a specific job posting, the purpose of this letter is to inquire about possible job openings at a company. To make it more effective, make sure you direct your inquiry letter to the right person! This letter should include why you are interested in working for the company and how your skills and experience can be an asset to the company. Sending letters of interest can be a great way to find a job if done effectively.

4)      Referral cover letter – A referral letter mentions that you were referred to the job by someone, such as a colleague or a friend. It is important to mention this mutual contact and how you know him/her in the first paragraph of your cover letter. Having a mutual connection is advantageous because recruiters and hiring managers are more likely to consider applicants referred by someone they know.

Customizing the 4 Types of Cover Letters

Your cover letters should be customized based on your specific purpose. Although this can be time consuming, it is important to let the companies know that you took the time and effort to show why you are a good match for the company. Companies can tell if you just send them a generic cover letter that you send to every job that you apply for. Thus, to make sure your cover letter gets read, write an effective cover letter.

Also, regardless of the type of cover letter, mention in the last line of your cover letter how you can be contacted and if they should expect you to follow up with a call. Remember to thank them for their time!

Now that you know the 4 types of cover letters, make sure you follow the appropriate format for each cover letter and include your resume for their reference.

Purpose of a Cover Letter

One purpose of a cover letter is to enhance your job application in the hopes of getting an interview. In addition to sending in your resume, many companies will require you to submit a cover letter as part of the job application. A cover letter is a one-page document that introduces yourself to potential employers and highlights your key accomplishments. Please note: The cover letter is not a summary of your resume! You should refer back to your resume but do not simply restate the information that is already available from the resume. That would not add any value and would defeat the purpose of having a cover letter. Instead, the cover letter should complement your resume by drawing attention to your strengths and presenting relevant information not available on your resume.

The cover letter should communicate to the employer the reason why you are writing, your interest and skills in the specific field, your achievements, and why you are a good match for the company and the position. There are 4 types of cover letters and it is important to customize your cover letter to each job you apply for. Companies act more positively when you show them you took the time and effort instead of sending a generic letter that you send to every company. Thus, it is important to take the time to write an effective cover letter and proofread it carefully before sending it out. A poorly written cover letter may cause your whole application to be thrown out!

There are many reasons why cover letters are important. The purpose of a cover letter is to be able to make  a difference with your application and be a deciding factor between you and your closest competitor.